Red Team & Attack Simulation

Detect sophisticated threats on a corporate network

Red Teaming & Attack Simulation Services

In today’s fast-evolving cyber threat landscape, Cyber Legion emerges as a leader in cybersecurity defense, providing unmatched red teaming and adversary emulation services. Our strategy is deeply rooted in a nuanced understanding of the threats that modern organizations face. By leveraging state-of-the-art techniques and profound security insights, we equip organizations to stand resilient against the most advanced adversaries.

In an era where cyber threats evolve with daunting speed and complexity, Cyber Legion stands at the forefront of cybersecurity defense, offering unparalleled red teaming and adversary emulation services. Our approach is rooted in a profound understanding of the threat landscape, combining cutting-edge techniques with deep security insights to safeguard organizations against the most sophisticated attackers.

Core Tasks of Red Teaming and Attack Simulation

Penetration testing

We go beyond conventional assessments to uncover deep-seated vulnerabilities, achieving unauthorized access and extracting critical information.

Social engineering

Evaluating your team’s readiness against phishing, pretexting, and other sophisticated social engineering tactics.

Physical security testing

From access controls to alarm systems, we ensure your physical barriers are impenetrable.

Wireless network testing

Testing an organization’s wireless network security to identify vulnerabilities or unauthorized access points

Application security testing

Testing an organization’s applications for vulnerabilities, such as injection attacks or authentication bypass

Red team exercises

Simulating attacks to test and enhance your incident response strategy, identifying crucial areas for reinforcement.

Threat intelligence

Offering insights into the latest threats and vulnerabilities, ensuring your defenses are always a step ahead.

Vulnerability management

Assisting in prioritizing and remedying identified vulnerabilities, fortifying your security posture.

Compliance testing

Ensuring that an organization is meeting regulatory or compliance requirements for security and data protection

The Distinctive Benefits of Partnering with Cyber Legion

Choosing Cyber Legion for red team engagements offers distinct advantages:

  • Bespoke Security Insights: Tailored assessments that go beyond generic recommendations, offering actionable insights for robust security enhancements.
  • Real-World Attack Simulations: Our scenarios mirror the complexity and stealth of actual cyber threats, providing a true test of your defenses.
  • Proactive Risk Management: Identifying and addressing vulnerabilities before they are exploited, minimizing potential impacts on your operations.
  • Cost-Effective Security Solutions: Preventing breaches and reducing the financial and reputational costs associated with incidents.
  • Compliance and Preparedness: Ensuring your organization meets regulatory requirements and is prepared for emerging security challenges.
  • Empowered Security Teams: Through collaboration and knowledge transfer, we enhance your team’s capabilities and resilience against cyber threats.
  • Continuous Security Evolution: Our engagement model focuses on long-term improvement, adapting to new threats and evolving security needs.

Our Process

At Cyber Legion, we employ a rigorous and sophisticated approach to Red Teaming and Attack Simulation, guided by the esteemed Mitre ATT&CK Framework. This methodology ensures we mimic real-world adversaries as closely as possible, uncovering and mitigating vulnerabilities with precision and strategic insight.

Reconnaissance and Open Source Intelligence (OSINT)

Utilizing a combination of surface, deep, and dark web searches, our team gathers critical information related to an organization. This phase is about understanding the digital footprint of the target to identify potential vulnerabilities or information leaks that could be exploited.

Resource Development

Cyber Legion constructs a dedicated and robust infrastructure tailored to support each unique engagement. This infrastructure is designed to simulate attack scenarios in a controlled and secure manner, ensuring comprehensive testing without compromising the client’s operational integrity.

Initial Access

Our strategies for gaining initial foothold range from sophisticated social engineering tactics to physical penetration and technical exploitation. This step is crucial for establishing a presence within the target network, from which we can further explore and exploit vulnerabilities.

Execution and Persistence

Once access is secured, we establish command and control channels to maintain long-term access within the network. This phase is critical for assessing the effectiveness of the organization’s detection and response mechanisms against sustained unauthorized activities.

Lateral Movement and Privilege Escalation

Our team expertly navigates through the network, identifying and exploiting opportunities to escalate privileges. This meticulous process allows us to access increasingly sensitive information, closely simulating the techniques used by actual attackers to uncover and exploit weaknesses within network security.

Exfiltration

Identifying and securing “crown jewels” – critical or highly sensitive information – is a pivotal aspect of our process. We simulate the exfiltration of this data in a manner that remains undetected, highlighting potential vulnerabilities in data loss prevention strategies and monitoring systems.

Customized Approaches, Red, Blue, and Purple Team Dynamics

Cyber Legion’s unique strategy encompasses the full spectrum of security testing:

  • Red Team Operations: Our offensive capabilities simulate attackers aiming to breach your defenses, offering deep insights into your security posture.
  • Blue Team Collaboration: We work with your defensive teams to analyze and strengthen your organization’s response to simulated attacks.
  • Purple Team Integration: Merging the best of both worlds, we facilitate a symbiotic relationship between attack and defense, maximizing the efficacy of security measures.

Our red team employs an extensive arsenal of tools and technologies, from reconnaissance platforms like Shodan and Nmap to advanced exploitation frameworks such as Metasploit and Cobalt Strike. Combined with our proprietary tools and methodologies, we offer an unmatched capability to test and improve your cybersecurity defenses.

In partnering with Cyber Legion, you gain more than just a service provider; you engage with a dedicated ally in your cybersecurity journey. Our commitment to excellence, combined with our comprehensive approach to red teaming and adversary emulation, ensures that your organization is not just prepared for the threats of today but is fortified against the challenges of tomorrow.

Red Team Scenario Examples

We provide detailed strategies tailored for various sectors, including Telecommunications, Maritime, Healthcare, Energy, Manufacturing & IoT, and Transportation & Logistics. Each strategy is designed to probe specific vulnerabilities and enhance sector-specific defenses.

Red Teaming Strategy for the Telecommunications Sector

  • Probe Network Infrastructure: Target the core network and radio access network (RAN) components for exploits, considering the transition from 4G to 5G architectures.
  • Attack the Signaling System (SS7/Diameter): Identify vulnerabilities in signaling protocols that could lead to interception, location tracking, or denial of service (DoS) attacks.
  • Evaluate API Security: Focus on the interfaces between network functions, which are critical in 5G’s service-based architecture.
  • Assess IoT Ecosystem Vulnerabilities: With 5G enabling a vast expansion of IoT devices, test the security of both the devices and their management systems.

Red Teaming Strategy for the Maritime Sector

  • Assess Navigation and Communication Systems: Target GPS, AIS (Automatic Identification Systems), and satellite communication systems for vulnerabilities that could allow spoofing or disruption.
  • Evaluate Port Security Systems: Focus on access control, cargo handling and tracking systems, and integration with customs databases.
  • Simulate Attacks on Shipboard Systems: Include propulsion, ballast water management, and electronic chart displays and information systems (ECDIS).
  • Test Incident Response and Recovery Plans: Assess the effectiveness of the maritime sector’s response to cybersecurity incidents, including coordination with port authorities and international bodies.

Red Teaming in the Healthcare Sector

  • Target Electronic Health Records (EHR) Systems: Assess for unauthorized access, data tampering, and ransomware vulnerabilities.
  • Simulate Attacks on Medical Devices: Include both hospital-based devices (e.g., MRI machines) and personal medical devices (e.g., insulin pumps).
  • Evaluate Third-Party Risks: Focus on vendors and suppliers with access to sensitive health data or connected to healthcare IT systems.
  • Test Data Privacy Compliance: Ensure adherence to regulations like HIPAA in the US, assessing both technical controls and policy enforcement.

Red Teaming in the Energy Sector

  • Simulate Cyber-Physical Attacks: Evaluate vulnerabilities to unauthorized access, manipulation, or disruption, including remote access points and wireless communications.
  • Assess the Security of Third-Party Components and Services: Focus on cybersecurity practices, incident response capabilities, and compliance with industry standards of key suppliers, considering geopolitical risks and potential APT group threats.
  • Test Integration of Cyber and Physical Security Measures: Conduct physical intrusion tests alongside cyber penetration testing to identify gaps and evaluate the coordination between cyber and physical security responses.
  • Evaluate Incident Response and Continuity Plans: Through tabletop exercises and full-scale simulations, assess the organization’s ability to detect, respond to, and recover from incidents, emphasizing communication and coordination.
  • Simulate Insider Threats and Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) Group Tactics: Use scenarios that involve misuse of access privileges and mimic the TTPs of APT groups known to target the energy sector, focusing on stealth, persistence, and lateral movement.

Red Teaming Strategy for Manufacturing & IoT Sector

  • Evaluate Supply Chain Security: Assess vulnerabilities in the supply chain, from raw material sourcing to product distribution, including third-party components and software.
  • Simulate Attacks on Industrial Control Systems (ICS): Target systems that control manufacturing processes, including PLCs (Programmable Logic Controllers) and DCS (Distributed Control Systems).
  • Test IoT Device Security: Examine the security of IoT devices within the manufacturing environment, focusing on firmware vulnerabilities, insecure APIs, and the potential for lateral movement within networks.
  • Assess Data Protection Measures: Ensure that sensitive intellectual property, such as product designs and proprietary manufacturing processes, is adequately protected against cyber espionage.
  • Audit Compliance with Industry Standards: Verify adherence to relevant standards and regulations, such as ISO/SAE 21434 for automotive cybersecurity or NIST guidelines for industrial IoT.

Red Teaming in the Transportation & Logistics Sector

  • Target Logistics Management Systems: Assess vulnerabilities in systems used for tracking, inventory management, and shipping, including potential for data manipulation or disruption.
  • Evaluate Fleet Management Systems: Simulate cyber attacks on vehicle tracking, telematics, and diagnostics systems, considering both cybersecurity and physical safety implications.
  • Assess Third-Party Integration Risks: With heavy reliance on third-party logistics (3PL) providers and other partners, evaluate the security implications of these integrations.
  • Test Physical and Cyber Security Convergence: Many assets in this sector are vulnerable to combined physical and cyber attacks, such as tampering with GPS devices or spoofing location data.
  • Simulate Supply Chain Disruptions: Examine the resilience of the sector to cyber-induced supply chain disruptions, assessing both operational impacts and recovery strategies.

FAQ’s

A red team operates by emulating the tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) of real-world adversaries to uncover vulnerabilities and weaknesses in an organization’s security infrastructure. This advanced approach transcends traditional penetration testing by focusing on a comprehensive evaluation of the organization’s defensive capabilities, rather than just identifying vulnerabilities.

Red teams are tasked with a broad spectrum of activities aimed at assessing and improving the security posture of an organization. These tasks range from penetration testing, social engineering, and physical security assessments to wireless and application security testing, threat intelligence, vulnerability management, security awareness training, and compliance testing.

The advantages of having a dedicated red team include:

  • Enhanced Security Posture: Objective assessments lead to fortified security measures.
  • Realistic Testing Scenarios: Simulations of sophisticated attacks help pinpoint vulnerabilities.
  • Effective Risk Management: Prioritization of risks and resource allocation toward critical vulnerabilities.
  • Cost Savings: Prevention of expensive breaches and fines by identifying and mitigating risks early.
  • Regulatory Compliance: Assistance in meeting stringent security and data protection standards.
  • Increased Awareness: Security training for employees enhances the organization’s defense against cyber threats.
  • Continuous Improvement: Regular assessments ensure ongoing enhancements to security measures.

The cybersecurity arena employs different teams with distinct objectives:

  • Red Team: Focuses on attacking or simulating realistic cyber threats against an organization to test its defenses.
  • Blue Team: Dedicated to defending against attacks, identifying breaches, and mitigating damage.
  • Purple Team: A hybrid approach that facilitates the exchange of insights and strategies between red and blue teams to refine the organization’s security posture.

Red Team security testing methods are designed to simulate the tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) of real-world adversaries. This approach helps organizations identify vulnerabilities, test their defense mechanisms, and improve their response capabilities. Below are key methods and stages involved in Red Team security testing:

Planning and Reconnaissance

  • Objective Setting: Define specific goals of the engagement, such as identifying vulnerabilities, testing incident response capabilities, or assessing the effectiveness of security controls.
  • Information Gathering: Use Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) techniques to collect data on the target organization. This includes public records, social media, forums, and other publicly available information.

Threat Modeling and Scenario Development

  • Identify Potential Threat Actors: Based on the information gathered, identify likely threat actors and their possible motives, capabilities, and methods.
  • Scenario Development: Create realistic attack scenarios that the identified threat actors might use to compromise the organization.

Vulnerability Identification

  • Technical Scanning: Use automated tools to scan the organization’s networks, systems, and applications for known vulnerabilities.
  • Social Engineering: Attempt to exploit human vulnerabilities through phishing, pretexting, or other social engineering techniques.

Exploitation

  • Initial Foothold: Utilize vulnerabilities identified in the previous step to gain initial access to the organization’s systems or network.
  • System Exploitation: Exploit further system vulnerabilities to escalate privileges, move laterally across the network, or access restricted areas.

Post-Exploitation and Persistence

  • Establish Persistence: Install backdoors or use other techniques to maintain access to the network over time.
  • Lateral Movement: Move through the network to identify and access critical assets or sensitive data.

Exfiltration and Data Breach Simulation

  • Data Identification: Identify valuable or sensitive information that would be targeted in a real attack.
  • Exfiltration Techniques: Simulate the extraction of data to demonstrate potential data breach impact.

Cleaning Up

  • Remove Artifacts: Carefully remove any tools, backdoors, and data placed on the network during the testing.
  • Restore Systems: Ensure that any changes made to the systems are reverted back to their original state to prevent any potential security risks.

Reporting and Debriefing

  • Comprehensive Reporting: Prepare detailed reports outlining the vulnerabilities discovered, the methods used to exploit them, and the potential impact on the organization.
  • Debriefing Session: Conduct a debriefing session with the organization’s security team to discuss the findings, provide recommendations for improvement, and strategize on remediation efforts.

Remediation and Retesting

  • Assist in Remediation: Offer guidance and assistance in addressing the vulnerabilities identified during the testing.
  • Retesting: Conduct follow-up tests to ensure that the vulnerabilities have been effectively remediated and the organization’s security posture has been improved.

These methods follow a structured approach to provide organizations with a realistic assessment of their security posture and resilience against cyber attacks. The key to effective Red Team security testing is customization of these methods to fit the unique context and security needs of the organization being tested.

The cost of Red Teaming and Adversary Emulation services can vary widely depending on several factors, including the scope of the engagement, the size and complexity of the target environment, the specific goals and objectives of the exercise, and the level of detail required in the reporting. Here’s a breakdown of factors that influence the cost:

  • Scope of Engagement: The broader the scope, the higher the cost. Engagements can range from targeted attacks on specific systems to full-scale simulations involving multiple systems and physical locations.
  • Size and Complexity of the Target Environment: Larger organizations with complex networks and multiple endpoints will require more extensive testing, thus increasing the cost. The presence of specialized or bespoke systems may also require custom testing approaches, further affecting the price.
  • Objectives and Goals: The specific outcomes the organization wishes to achieve from the red teaming exercise can impact the cost. For example, testing for compliance with specific regulations may require additional documentation and validation steps.
  • Depth of Engagement: The level of depth can significantly affect costs. For instance, an engagement that includes social engineering, physical penetration testing, and advanced persistent threat (APT) simulation will be more costly than basic penetration testing.
  • Expertise and Experience of the Service Provider: High-quality service providers with a proven track record and specialized expertise tend to charge more for their services. Their experience can provide more nuanced insights and actionable recommendations, which can be invaluable.
  • Duration of the Engagement: Longer engagements require more resources and thus incur higher costs. Red teaming exercises can range from a few weeks to several months.
  • Post-Engagement Services: Services such as detailed reporting, debriefing sessions, retesting to validate security improvements, and assistance with remediation efforts will also contribute to the overall cost.

Ballpark Figures

Given these variables, it’s challenging to provide a one-size-fits-all figure, but here are some rough estimates to give you a ballpark idea:

  • Small to Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs): £10,000 – £50,000
  • Large Organizations: £50,000 – £250,000 or more

These ranges are very approximate and can vary based on the factors mentioned above. For precise costing, it’s best to consult directly with service providers like Cyber Legion, who can offer a tailored quote based on your specific requirements and objectives.

Keep in mind that while the cost of red teaming and adversary emulation might seem high, the investment is often justified by the value of the insights gained and the potential costs avoided by preventing a real-world breach.

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We convert threats into trust by incorporating advanced technology and expertise across product and organizational security. Our methodology includes Security by Design, thorough Security Assurance, Red Teaming, Adversary Emulation, Threat Intelligence, and Penetration Testing. We ensure compliance through meticulous documentation, covering every stage from design to post-market.

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